Cusco is the capital city of the Cusco Department of Peru. Located in the Andes Mountains, surrounded by greenish valleys with imposing landscapes, this mystical city can be accessed by land through the South Panamerican Highway, by air arriving the Alejandro Velasco Astete International Airport, or also by the railway line that communicates Cusco with the cities of Juliaca, Arequipa, Puno and Machu Picchu. The climate in Cusco is generally dry and temperate, it has a dry season that goes from May to October with average temperatures of 20° C, followed by a rainy season that includes the months between November and April with temperatures of 13° C.
Historically Cusco was the capital of the Tahuantinsuyo Empire, which is why it preserves an important and invaluable historical and cultural heritage. Later, it was also an important city of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which left Cusco with a baroque and neoclassical architectural heritage. Due to the cultural mix of this city, UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 1983, and in addition to that, it has become the main tourist destination in the entire country. The city has various tourist attractions such as the Sacred Valley, the Barrio de San Blas which is a neighborhood where local artisans and their craft shops are concentrated. It is recognized for being one of the most picturesque places in the area with old houses built during the conquest period on important Inca foundations, just as Maras and Paucartambo, towns that still maintain their ancestral Andean culture.
Cusco is known for the enormous religious legacy it possesses, since during the conquest process many Catholic buildings were built throughout the territory. Among the most important are the first Cathedral of Cusco, also known as the Church of Triumph, which was built in 1539 on the old Palace of Viracocha Inca; the cathedral draws attention for the sample of colonial architecture, art and goldwork. The Convent of La Merced, is also another site that stands out for the custody of gold and precious stones, the building was founded in 1536, and rebuilt in 1675, as it suffered great damage in the 1650 earthquake. And Hatun Rumiyu Street , or "Calle de la roca mayor" is one of the most visited places, because in that place the palace of the sixth ruler of Cusco was erected, and the first to be called Inca, which means "supreme governor"; later, with the arrival of the Spanish, the Archbishop's Palace was built, a building that is preserved and receives millions of visitors annually.
The Plaza de Armas of Cusco, is a place of historical relevance due to the numerous events that took place there, and because of the autochthonous cultural manifestations that still take place in the square. This place was also called "place of joy" by the Incas, and it came to include the Plaza San Francisco and the Plazoleta del Regocijo.
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